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  Guide to the Common Trees of Pennsylvania

Trees | Glossary | Visual Guide | Leaf Parts, Types, & Position


Common Sassafras
(Wide and Flat: Alternate Arrangement)
A small to medium-sized tree, to 50' high, with crooked branches; often spreading by root suckers. Its roots, leaves, twigs and fruit have a spicy odor; the oil contained in these parts is used for a "tea," in medicines, perfumes, etc. Wood used chiefly for fuel and fence posts.

Common Sassafras
Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees
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Leaves
Alternate, simple 4"-6" long, smooth, dark green above, much lighter beneath, characteristically aromatic when crushed. Usually three types can be found on a tree: entire, 2-lobed and 3-lobed (rarely 5-lobed).
Twigs
Bright green, sometimes reddish, smooth and shiny; large white pith. End bud much larger than side ones, with many loose scales.
Fruit
A berry, dark blue, shiny, about 1/2" in diameter, on a red stem enlarged at the point of attachment; borne in clusters. Yellow flowers appear before the leaves unfold.
Bark
Young trees furrowed, greenish, changing to brown; inner bark salmon colored; older trees show deep fissures extending long distances up the trunk.

Select a Tree from a menu below, or download the Visual Guide

Needle-Shaped or Linear

 

Wide & Flat: Opposite Arrangement

Wide and Flat: Alternate Arrangement

Information courtesy of:
PA Department of Conservation & Natural Resources

 

Whitetailed Deer
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